While in Paris inhe took up sculpture. After working on wood pieces, he began to make circus figures composed of twisted wire, wheels, string, and cloth. His miniature circus captured the attention of the avant-garde in Paris, where he met and was influenced by a number of artists. These works also owe much to the rectilinear designs of Piet Mondrian.
Visually fascinating and emotionally engaging, those sculptures —along with his monumental outdoor bolted sheet metal stabileswhich only imply movement—make Calder one of the most-recognizable and beloved modern artists. He also made a smaller number of sculptures in the more-traditional materials of wood and bronze and did paintingsmostly in gouacheas well as drawingsincluding illustrations for books, and printsand was an inventive designer of jewelry.
Inwhile serving aboard a ship off Central Americahe had a formative experience of viewing, on opposite horizons, both the rising sun and the setting moon, opening him to ideas about the vast but precise workings of the universe that later informed both his choice of subject matter and formal decisions such as his focus on balance and movement.
While he worked at various jobs in his first chosen field, by Calder had decided to study art and had enrolled in classes at the Art Students League in New York City. Calder proved himself a fluid draftsman, and in his first book, the drawing manual Animal Sketching, was published; it was reissued as part of an art instructional series inreprinted inand is still in print.
In he also sailed to Englandmade his way to Parisand was ensconced in a studio there by late summer.
Calder also possessed a considerable intellect and a playful sense of humour along with his keen visual and sculptural skills. Cow,elephants, horses, and other animals, including the extraordinary Romulus and Remus of that depicts the mythical founders of Rome being nursed by a she-wolf.
He also created intricate tableaus of circus performers, a subject he had been earlier introduced to as a sketch artist for the National Police Gazette, an influential New York tabloid.
Replete with spring-action and pull-toy performers and animals that he created out of bits and pieces of cloth, yarn, cork, and wire, Calder sent the acts through their paces while providing sound effects.
For many years Cirque Calder was considered a youthful precursor to his more-serious endeavours. Performing Cirque—which he did numerous times around Europe and in New York—allowed him to work out the complicated physics of objects in motion and directly informed his breakthrough creation of the mobile—perfectly balanced devices that, as they slice through space, model three-dimensional forms.
An Autobiography with Pictures —that sent him toward abstract art: This one visit gave me a shock that started things. Further experimentation with motion led Calder to create motorized pieces; it was those works that were famously dubbed mobiles by artist-provocateur Marcel Duchamp.
During his Paris years, Calder showed extensively in Europe and the U. Mobiles and stabiles In Calder married Louisa James, a grandniece of author Henry James ; the couple eventually had two children, Sandra and Mary.
By mid Calder had returned to New York City. He set up studios both in the city and in an old icehouse on a Roxbury, Connecticutfarm that became his main residence for the rest of his life.
With seemingly inexhaustible energy, Calder expanded the repertoire of forms in his mobiles from spheres to discs to organic shapes adapted from plants and animals. The World War II years saw shortages of sheet metal, and Calder turned toward bits of wood, shards of glass and ceramics, tin cans, and other refuse he found on his Roxbury property, creating a series dubbed Constellations and some of his most-beloved works, including Finny Fish, He also produced large-scale bolted stabiles the name given by artist Jean Arp to his stationary worksmost of which exist as public art, including La Grande VitesseGrand RapidsMichigan and FlamingoFederal Plaza, Chicago.
In large part that was because his colourful works—he generally used red, blue, and yellow, along with black and white—are directly experiential, requiring no particular artistic expertise to appreciate.
His mobiles are commonly described as evoking a childlike joy in the viewer. As the Modern art era waned and the contemporary art era took form in the s, however, his reputation within the art world suffered as critics and tastemakers deemed his work too playful or popular to be taken seriously.Alexander Calder, known as Sandy, was born into a long line of sculptors, being part of the fourth generation to take up the art form.
Constructing objects from a very young age, his first known art tool was a pair of pliers. At eight, Calder was creating jewelry for his sister's dolls from beads and copper tranceformingnlp.comality: American.
Alexander Calder was born in Philadelphia in , the son of the distinguished academic sculptor A. Stirling Calder. Trained as a mechanical engineer, he turned to art, attending the Art Students League in New York tranceformingnlp.com: Jul 22, Alexander (Sandy) Calder was active/lived in Connecticut, New York / France.
Alexander Calder is known for kinetic sculpture, modernist drawing. The Artist. Auction Records. Buy / Sell. Resources.
Biography Alexander (Sandy) Calder . Mar 22, · Alexander (Sandy) Rower, a grandson of Alexander Calder, takes a photograph off his corkboard.
It's of three young men in a vaulted hall of the Miro . Alexander "Sandy" Calder was an abstract painter and sculptor famous for working in wire and originating the dangling, moving artworks known as mobiles.
Alexander Calder grew up in a family of artists, but he began his career by studying mechanical engineering at . Biography Alexander (Sandy) Calder / KAWL-der / click to hear One of America's best known sculptors, "Sandy" Calder became most famous for his kinetic abstract mobiles.