Country Reports on Terrorism Report The Near East region experienced significant levels of terrorist activity inwith instability and weak governance in North Africa, Syria, Iraq, and Yemen continuing to have ramifications for the broader region.
Lutz and James M. Lutz Abstract The processes involved in globalisation can disrupt the social, economic, and political systems of countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Such disruptions could resort in increased levels of political unrest, including outbreaks of terrorism.
An analysis of terrorism levels and indices of economic, social, and political globalization and levels of terrorism between and indicated that levels of globalization were in fact associated with later outbreaks of terrorism. Social globalisation levels appeared to have the greatest impact in the first half of the study period.
Globalisation, terrorism, Middle East Introduction Terrorism is a phenomenon that has spread to nearly all parts of the world in the last part of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Many countries in the Middle East and North Africa have been at the center of this violence as the region has suffered from both domestic and international terrorist activities.
While it is abundantly clear that there is no single cause that explains terrorism, it has been suggested that increasing globalisation has contributed to outbreaks of terrorist violence.
If globalisation has, in fact, played such a role, then higher levels of terrorism would be associated with greater levels of globalisation. The following analyses will focus on various indices of globalisation and their relationship to incidents of terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa.
Globalisation It appears to be quite likely that globalisation can be linked to political difficulties in a number of countries.
Paul Wilkinson noted that modern terrorism has been a reaction to globalisation.
For example, recent increases in overall globalisation have been attributed to a favorable conjunction of technological, political, and economic circumstances. Globalisation can bring benefits.
It has been suggested that the countries that have been most involved in the processes of globalisation are the countries that have benefitted the most from it. The spread of market capitalism that has been associated with globalisation in the 19th and 20th centuries has frequently undermined the structure of local economies.
More modern economic practices, however, can undermine the reciprocity elements without any beneficial reduction in levels of inequality, thereby increasing societal tensions. Under these circumstances, even though globalisation frequently generates economic growth and increased wealth at a societal or national level, only some groups will benefit while other groups will suffer.
One recent study found that increased trade, the traditional form that economic globalisation has taken, has been associated with reduced inequality; however, financial globalisation and especially direct foreign investment have been associated with greater inequality.
Financial globalisation doubled its impact from to Such opposition may take acceptable forms through existing political channels, but it can also take more violent forms when disadvantaged groups cannot gain satisfaction by peaceful means.
The importance of globalisation as a contributor of conflict can be observed in the fact that symbols of modernity that come with globalisation have often been among the targets for attacks.
Some forms of interaction with the world system have been linked with lower levels of transnational terrorism. Countries that have become more integrated into the global system may eventually be able to increase their stability, but countries undergoing the process of integration or facing the shocks that come with globalisation may be likely to suffer greater disruptions or problems.
In even earlier times, increasing globalisation was linked with violent outbreaks.The terrorist attacks in France and Denmark and the sharp rise in terrorist activity in the countries of North Africa and the Middle East have focused the international community’s efforts on areas beyond fighting the terrorist activities of organizations like Al-Qaeda.
Introduction to the Middle East The term "Middle East" is generally recognized today to refer to a region that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Afghanistan in the east, a distance of approximately 5, kilometers. 10 Indispensable Books on the Middle East.
Search the site GO. Issues. Middle East Basics & History U.S. Policy The book lives up to its title and reputation as just about the best one-volume introduction to the history of Islam.
No jargon here, no battling footnotes. Quick Guide to Basic Facts and Issues in the Middle East. U.S. Policy. In the wake of the Sept. 11, terrorist attacks on the U.S., the threat of militant Islamic terrorism -- rooted in the Middle East and South Asia -- has taken center stage.
Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East Introduction In , a Harvard political scientist named Samuel P. Huntington wrote a controversial article entitled “The Clash of Civilizations” in Foreign Affairs. At this point the Gulf War was still fresh in the minds of most Americans. The Root Causes of Terrorism in the Middle East Arie C.
Kuipers POL 11/24/ 2 Sources of Middle East terrorism. How and why did some groups decide to become terrorists in the Middle East? Introduction Along with heat, rampant corruption, and camels, terrorism is another characteristic that terrorism against Western targets .