We could not have done it without you, Lisa.
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This resource offers a number of pages about comma use. The comma is a valuable, useful punctuation device because it separates the structural elements of sentences into manageable segments.
The rules provided here are those found in traditional handbooks; however, in certain rhetorical contexts and for specific purposes, these rules may be broken. The following is a short guide to get you started using commas. This resource also includes sections with more detailed rules and examples.
Quick Guide to Commas Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: Use commas after introductory a clauses, b phrases, or c words that come before the main clause. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence.
Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause. Do not use commas to set off essential elements of the sentence, such as clauses beginning with that relative clauses.
That clauses after nouns are always essential. That clauses following a verb expressing mental action are always essential.
Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. Use commas to separate two or more coordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Be sure never to add an extra comma between the final adjective and the noun itself or to use commas with non-coordinate adjectives.
Use a comma near the end of a sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift. Use commas to set off phrases at the end of the sentence that refer back to the beginning or middle of the sentence. Such phrases are free modifiers that can be placed anywhere in the sentence without causing confusion.
Use commas to set off all geographical names, items in dates except the month and dayaddresses except the street number and nameand titles in names. Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation.Comma.
The comma is the punctuation mark most likely to cause angst. This is largely the result of the many different ways the comma is used. Sometimes, the comma indicates a pause that would occur if the sentence were spoken aloud. 6 Easy Rules with examples for punctuating quotation in dialogue and conversation.
Includes examples, Words for Said chart and writing conversation tips. Here are a few quick rules that can help when you’re working on questions about punctuation on the SAT Writing and Language Test.
Use quotation marks [ “ ”] to set off material that represents quoted or spoken language. Quotation marks also set off the titles of things that do not normally stand by themselves: short stories, poems, and articles. Usually, a quotation is set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma; however, the typography of quoted material can become quite .
History. The first writing systems were either logographic or syllabic—for example, Chinese and Mayan script—which do not necessarily require punctuation, especially spacing.
This is because the entire morpheme or word is typically clustered within a single glyph, so spacing does not help as much to distinguish where one word ends and the .
Rule 1. Use parentheses to enclose information that clarifies or is used as an aside. Example: He finally answered (after taking five minutes to think) that he did not understand the question. If material in parentheses ends a sentence, the period goes after the parentheses.