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History of writing The earliest example of systematic writing is the Sumerian pictographic system found on clay tablets, which eventually developed around BC into a modified version called cuneiform  which was impressed on wet clay with a sharpened reed.
Two cursive scripts were eventually created, hieraticshortly after hieroglyphs were invented, and demotic Egyptian in the seventh century BC.
The first known alphabetical system came from the Phoenicianswho developed a vowel-less system of 22 letters around the eleventh century BC.
Adding vowels to the alphabet, dropping some consonants and altering the order, the Ancient Greeks developed a script which included only what we know of as capital Greek letters. The Phoenician alphabet also influenced the Hebrew and Aramaic scripts, which follow a vowel-less system.
One Hebrew script was only used for religious literature and by a small community of Samaritans up until the sixth century BC.
Handwriting styles which were used to produce manuscripts included square capitals, rustic capitalsuncials, and half-uncials. Roman cursive or informal handwriting started out as a derivative of the capital letters, though the tendency to write quickly and efficiently made the letters less precise.
This script was not as clear as the Smithhand writing a letter, but instead was narrower, darker, and denser. Because of this, the dot above the i was added in order to differentiate it from the similar pen strokes of the n, m, and u. Also, the letter u was created as separate from the v, which had previously been used for both sounds.
Another variation of Carolingian minuscule was created by the Italian humanists in the fifteenth century, called by them littera antiqua and now called humanist minuscule. A cursive form eventually developed, and it became increasingly slanted due to the quickness with which it could be written.
This manuscript handwriting, called cursive humanisticbecame known as the typeface Italic used throughout Europe. Copybooks first appeared in Italy around the sixteenth century; the earliest writing manuals were published by Sigismondo Fanti and Ludovico degli Arrighi.
Engraving could better produce the flourishes in handwritten script, which helped penmanship masters to produce beautiful examples for students.
By the eighteenth century, schools were established to teach penmanship techniques from master penmen, especially in England and the United States. Chinese characters represent whole morphemes rather than individual sounds, and consequently are visually far more complex than European scripts; in some cases their pictographic origins are still visible.
The earliest form of Chinese was written on bones and shells called Jiaguwen in the fourteenth century BC. Other writing surfaces used during this time included bronze, stone, jade, pottery, and clay, which became more popular after the twelfth century BC.
Calligraphy is widely practiced in China, which employs scripts such as Kaishu standardXingshu semi-cursiveand Caoshu cursive. Japanese writing evolved from Chinese script and Chinese characters, called kanjior ideograms, were adopted to represent Japanese words and grammar.
Hiragana is the more widely used script in Japan today, while katakana, meant for formal documents originally, is used similarly to italics in alphabetic scripts.
His writing system was first published inin his book Spencer and Rice's System of Business and Ladies' Penmanship. This " Spencerian Method " Ornamental Style was taught in American schools until the mids, and has seen a resurgence in recent years through charter schools and home schooling using revised Spencerian books and methods produced by former IAMPETH president Michael Sull born Louis Henry Hausam published the "New Education in Penmanship" incalled "the greatest work of the kind ever published.
These included those produced by A. Palmera student of Gaskell, who developed the Palmer Methodas reflected in his Palmer's Guide to Business Writing, published in Palmer Company folded in the early s. Modern Styles include more than published textbook curricula including: Other copybook styles that are unique and do not fall into any previous categories are Smithhand, Handwriting without Tears, Ausgangsschrift, Bob Jones, etc.
Schools in East Asia[ edit ] A typical Kanji practice notebook of a 3rd grader By the nineteenth century, attention was increasingly given to developing quality penmanship in Eastern schools.SmithHand writing We call it the "phonics" of penmanship.
Explore our site to learn more about the SmithHand Writing Method. Then there were letters like D, H, Z, and that greatest of all letter disasters, Q. In all the books and all the efforts I made, everyone assumed it was a 2. It was impossible to write anything with speed.
Bruce Smith discusses the SmithHand writing method and improving handwriting. Although tranceformingnlp.com is compatible with most browsers, it is optimized for those browsers which are XHTML and CSS 2 compliant. Sample Letter #2 Thank you for escorting our guest speakers during the fall workshops.
Your meeting each person in the parking lot with a large umbrella was a . A left-handed writer who begins with SmithHand will find writing just as simple as a right-handed person does because he will be using his own most comfortable hand motion and paper angle.
So many moms I have talked to complain that their children started writing nicely, but now their handwriting is terrible. Penmanship is the technique of writing with the hand using a writing instrument. Today, this is most commonly done with a pen, or pencil, but throughout history has included many different implements.
SmithHand is a new method for teaching handwriting. Because SmithHand is a true cursive hand instead of a copy hand (like other methods) it's achievable as taught and therefore needs to be taught only once.